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Introduction


Each type of gateway requires slightly different setup procedure. Please choose the appropriate setup guide from the model-specific list in LoRaWAN Gateways.

The common setup steps and requirements are listed on this page.


Protocol


For each supported gateway, we provide the LORIOT gateway binary software that uses a custom protocol to talk to our cloud servers, and the connection is encrypted with TLS 1.2.


Sharing / copying the binaries / installers 


The gateway binaries and installers can be shared among the same gateway model.


Skills required 


To load the binaries and run the installers, you will need to have some basic Linux command line experience and knowledge of setting up computer networks.

Some gateways can come with our binary software pre-installed, for these models no Linux knowledge is needed. Please contact LORIOT or your gateway provider to inquire about this service. 


Firewall setup / Network requirements 


  • Gateway needs to have internet access.
  • Port 443 needs to be allowed in the outbound direction, no other ports are used.
  • All connections of our binary are outbound (initiated by the gateway).

If your gateway is on the same network as the device you are using to access this web page, no changes in the configuration of your network should be needed.


Running the software without installation 


General steps to run the gateway binary:

  • Download the gateway binary (register a gateway and go to the gateway detail page).
  • Copy the binary onto your gateway (using SSH, Telnet or USB flash drive).
  • Run the binary; it will deamonize and run in background by default.
  • [Optional] Add link to the binary to startup scripts.
  • [Note] No configuration files are needed.

Please make sure no other process on the gateway is accessing the concentrator interface.

Installing and running our software


 The LORIOT installer will fully deploy the gateway binary software onto your gateway.

Please make sure any other software that accesses the LoRa radio front-end has been removed prior to installation of our software, otherwise, the LORIOT binary software may fail to start.


Installation package contentsDescriptionUsage
# install.shLORIOT install scriptExtracted by installer, configures the startup parameters
# initd.shLORIOT startup scriptExtracted by installer, placed in /etc/initd by the install script
# uninstall.shLORIOT uninstall scriptExtracted by installer, can be used to remove LORIOT from startup
# loriot-gwGateway binaryExtracted by installer, LORIOT executable binary


Installer command line options 


These parameters can be used to modify the installation behavior and the default runtime parameters of the binary.


Installation-time parameters used for installation
Installer parameterParameter usageDetails
-d [extract folder]Will extract to this folderDefault is /opt/lrt
-nDo not run at startupWill not load init.d scripts, process will not be started after gateway boot
-C [certificate file]SSL root certificate pathUse an alternative certificate file that will be copied to the extract folder.


Installation-time parameters passed to runtime
Installer parameterParameter usageDetails
-s [server name]Target server hostnameDefault www.loriot.io, failover servers can be added as coma separated values

-s [server name]

Target server TCP portDefault is 443 (https)
-c [certificate file]SSL root certificate pathOnly needs to be specified for private servers
-i [network interface]Primary Internet connection interfaceDefault is eth0, failover interfaces can be added as coma separated values
-g [default routing IP address]default routing gateway addressDefault route for the primary network interface
-t [test IP address]test addressTest address to probe default interface, default address is 8.8.4.4 (TCP port 53 need to be listening on the server)
-fRun in foregroundBy default the process will fork to background and run as service (daemonize). This parameter let's you run the binary in foreground instead.
-E [network interface]gateway ID source intefaceDefault is eth0, the gateway EUI is inherited from the MAC address of this interface


Binary runtime command line options 


These parameters adjust the runtime behavior of the binary.


Binary parameterParameter usageDetails
-s [server name]Target server hostnameDefault www.loriot.io, failover servers can be added as coma separated values
-p [server port]Target server TCP portDefault is 443 (https)
-c [certificate file]SSL root certificate pathOnly needs to be specified for private servers
-i [network interface]Primary Internet connection interfaceDefault is eth0, failover interfaces can be added as coma separated values
-g [default routing IP address]default routing gateway addressDefault route for the primary network interface
-t [test IP address]test addressTest address to probe default interface, default address is 8.8.4.4 (TCP port 53 need to be listening on the server)
-fRun in foregroundBy default the process will fork to background and run as service (daemonize). This parameter let's you run the binary in foreground instead. You can use crtl+c to stop it.
-E [network interface]gateway ID source intefaceDefault is eth0, the gateway EUI is inherited from the MAC address of this interface
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