In this page we try to answer your gateway based questions. If you can't find an answer to your question below, please use the support link in the top navigation bar.
A gateway is basically an embedded computer with a radio front-end.
The operating system is usually some variant of Linux, and Linux can run any number of processes, but because of hardware limitations the radio front-end can be controlled by only one process at a time.
This means that only one packet forwarder can be run and access the radio front-end at a time and if multiple packet forwarders are running at the same time various issues are going to pop up.
For more gateway details and guides please check the User Resources section.
A LoRaWAN gateway is typically running a Linux distribution where the usual Linux commands will work.
- Enabling autostart can be done with
update-rc-d <program name> defaults
- Disabling autostart can be done with: u
pdate-rc-d <program name> remove
For further explanation please refer to the documentation provided by the Gateway manufacturer.
To uninstall the LORIOT Gateway Software for most of the gateway models, please delete the
/opt/lrt directory and the
This can be done using the following commands:
A factory reset or a firmware upgrade will also remove all LORIOT related files.
The TX Gain Adjustment field in the gateway detail allows you to reduce the output gain of the gateway in the case when a high-gain antenna is mounted to the gateway.
The TX Gain Adjustment should correspond to the gain that the antenna is adding.
The purpose of the adjustment is to be compliant with the radio regulations in your country.
Our software by default instructs the gateway to send at the maximum allowed power in the specific band, so by mounting a high-gain antenna, you would be most likely violating the radio regulations.
ps ax | grep lora # this should issue 1 line
If the second command shows more than one lines then you can remove the "start on boot" for the packet forwarder like this:
Reboot the gateway to test.
The SSH tunnel only works if the port 22 is set as the SSH port.
This is not changeable because it is hard coded in the binary.
For more details please refer to the SHH Tunnel Service page
LORIOT provides SSH tunnel command on the gateway page including all necessary parameters.
These parameters include the SSH token, and please be aware that the token can expire.
Within the user Interface ➜ Account ➜ SSH-tokens page you can check the creation and expiry date. You can also create a new token or revoke an existing one.
Please note that the oldest token is used on the gateway page, even if it is already expired. It is advised to revoke the expired tokens.
The certificate used by the server has a specified date range and the gateway's inner clock should be in this specified range.
Also, the date (year, month, day) of the gateway should be match with the current date provided by the world clock.
A step by step guide can be found in the Accessing the Gateway Logs page.
If required as part of a LORIOT Support Ticket please send us the console output.
Upon gateway registration, a default channel plan is selected:
If that is not suitable for your use-case you can change the channel plan using the following method:
Within the gateway overview page, select the correct region for that gateway:
Select the desired channel plan:
Validate in the radio menu within the left menu bar that the desired frequencies are used by the gateway.
Restart the gateway to apply changes.
There are two main criteria for picking the right channel plan:
- Channel plan should use frequencies only which are permitted by the local government/regulator.
- Gateway must be capable of working on the channel plans which are used by the channel plan.
The Semtech Packet forwarder provides basic core feature for a LoRaWAN gateway to be able to forward uplink and downlink packets.
LORIOT has significantly improved on this by creating the LORIOT Gateway Software which handles LoRa traffic and adds additional management and security features.
✔ SSH Tunnel
✔ Latency information
✔ Gateway system information
✔ Ability to ping gateway
More more details please check Software Advantages
All these feature need our integrated software running on the gateway side, which is not provided by Semtech Packet Forwarder. This is why when using Semtech Packet Forwarder, these features are not available.
If your gateway model is not already integrated with the LORIOT Gateway Software please contact us and we can discuss adding support for this model.
The gateway firmware (aka operating system) is independent from LORIOT and separate credentials (typically provided by the manufacturer) must be used to access the gateway and upgrade the OS
Please contact the specific gateway manufacturer for more details.
For LORIOT software installation you can go to the software menu after registration of the gateway to get the necessary information.
In addition, there is a dedicated menu for LoRaWAN gateways in the LoRaWAN Gateway Guides page
Physical installation we recommend to visit the gateway vendor’s page and look for the installation guide.
Please SSH to the gateway and use the command to retrieve the version of the radio front-end:
LoRaWAN card version:
Does my gateway use SPI or USB?
There are 2 ways to SSH into Multitech Wifi gateway:
- Static IP from LAN 192.168.2.1
- wlan0 assigned IP address of 192.168.1.6.
Running and installing LORIOT scripts from 192.168.2.1 port causing issues due that port doesn’t have internet access to connect to Professional Public Servers.
SSH in from wlan0 port into gateway using IP address of 192.168.1.6 and run loriot scripts, and all should be working.
Run the following command:
The parameters in "radio" section includes the version info for FPGA
Based on this information you can select the right FPGA version for your gateway.
If you load the binary as the LORIOT Gateway binary only, as described in the Basic Installation section, the LORIOT Gateway Software does not execute and drops an error message:
For a workaround solution, please follow these steps:
The Kerlink IoT station has a built in firewall which after a factory reset is activated with the default rules.
This rules blocks outgoing requests and new iptables rules must be added or the firewall can be fully disabled using the following method:
/etc/sysconfig/network configuration file, change the “firewall” parameter to “no”.
Then restart the network script using the command
Disabling the firewall can be done with the following command:
To register the Cisco IXM gateway on a LORIOT Network Server please visit the page Cisco IXM LPWA.
The MikroTik LoRaWAN gateway is a closed system and users do not have root access to run custom applications, and therefore the LORIOT Gateway Software cannot be installed.
However, LORIOT supports the pre-installed UDP semtech packet forwarder available on the gateway which can be used instead.
To configure the gateway and provision it on the network server, please follow the guide in the Semtech Packet Forwarder page.